- Fenian Raids
- The Fenian Brotherhood is said to have been formed about 1858 in Ireland and the United States, the object being to liberate Ireland from its connection with England, and establish a republic. A history of the movement in Ireland will be found in McCarthy's History of our Own Times, and in O'Leary's Recollections of Fenianism. Early in 1866 the American branch of the Brotherhood planned an invasion of Canada. The Canadian militia was called out, but the invasion was postponed. In April, the New Brunswick border was threatened, and troops marched to the defence of St. Andrews and St. Stephen. The Fenians thought better of it. Late in May another party, under one O'Neil, crossed from Buffalo to Fort Erie and advanced to Ridgeway, where they were driven back. In 1870 the same O'Neil led his followers into Quebec, but was again repulsed. In 1871 he made a similar attempt in the West, but a detachment of United States troops from Fort Pembina followed, arrested him, and dispersed his followers. An aftermath of the earlier Fenian Raids was the murder of Thomas D'Arcy McGee (q.v.) in Ottawa, 1868.Index: Md Claims for damages, 166-167; claims withdrawn, 175-177; irritation in Canada, 176; Imperial government assumes responsibility for their settlement, 177; gives Imperial guarantee of loan for public works and defence in Canada, 178, 196. T Influence on Confederation, 98; history of, 99, 105-107; referred to in address in Assembly, 102. BL Feared by Metcalfe in 1843, 186. B Threatened in 1866--influences New Brunswick electorate towards Confederation, 188. C As an argument for retaining British troops in Canada, 92; Cartier's speech on, in House, 1872, 110.Bib.: Somerville, Narrative of the Fenian Invasion of Canada; Campbell, The Fenian Invasions of Canada of 1866 and 1870; Dent, Last Forty Years; Correspondence relating to the Fenian Invasion, Ottawa, 1869; Trials of the Fenian Prisoners at Toronto Who Were Captured at Fort Erie, C. W., in June, 1866, ed. by George R. Gregg, and E. P. Roden; McMicken, Fenian Raid on Manitoba(Manitoba Hist. and Sc. Society, 1888); Hannay, History of New Brunswick; Macdonald, Troublous Times in Canada; Denison, Soldiering in Canada and The Fenian Raid on Fort Erie.
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Fenian raids — The Fenian raids were attacks by members of the Fenian Brotherhood based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada in order to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland, between 1866 and 1871 … Wikipedia
Raids Fenians — Raids féniens Monument fénien dans le parc de la reine à Toronto vers 1890. Les raids féniens désignent des attaques menées entre 1866 et 1871 par la confrérie fenian, groupement composé de nord américains d origine irlandaise basé aux Éta … Wikipédia en Français
Raids fenians — Raids féniens Monument fénien dans le parc de la reine à Toronto vers 1890. Les raids féniens désignent des attaques menées entre 1866 et 1871 par la confrérie fenian, groupement composé de nord américains d origine irlandaise basé aux Éta … Wikipédia en Français
Fenian Brotherhood — The Fenian Brotherhood was an Irish Republican organization founded in the United States in 1850s by John O Mahony and Michael Doheny. [Ryan, pg.92. The first organisation was known as the Emmet Monument Association, founded in the early part of… … Wikipedia
Fenian Rising — The Fenian Rising of 1867 (Irish: Éirí Amach na bhFiann, 1867, IPA: [ˈeːɾʲiː əˈmˠax n̪ˠə ˈvʲiən̪ˠ]) was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland, organised by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB). After the suppression of the Irish… … Wikipedia
Raids féniens — Monument fénien dans le parc de la reine à Toronto vers 1890. Les raids féniens désignent des attaques menées entre 1866 et 1871 par la confrérie fenian, groupement composé de nord américains d origine irlandaise basé aux États … Wikipédia en Français
Fenian — The Fenians, both the Fenian Brotherhood and Irish Republican Brotherhood, were fraternal organisations dedicated to the establishment of an independent Irish Republic in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The name Fenians was first… … Wikipedia
Fenian — Fénien Fénien (anglais : fenian) désigne généralement et depuis la fin du XIXe siècle les nationalistes irlandais qui choisissent la violence pour lutter contre la présence britannique. Il fait également référence aux membres de l Irish … Wikipédia en Français
Fenian — Fenianism, n. /fee nee euhn, feen yeuhn/, n. 1. a member of an Irish revolutionary organization founded in New York in 1858, which worked for the establishment of an independent Irish republic. 2. (in late Irish legends) a member of a group of… … Universalium
Fenian movement — Irish nationalist society active chiefly in Ireland, the U.S., and Britain, especially in the 1860s. The name derived from the Fianna Éireann, a legendary band of Irish warriors led by Finn MacCumhaill. Plans for a rising against British rule in… … Universalium